Questions: ACT Set 2

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According to the passage, being put to the proof (lines 18-19) most nearly means the person was:

A. considered innocent until proven guilty.
B. considered guilty no matter what he did.
C. supposed to prove his own innocence.
D. given the privilege of presenting his side first.



In a trial by ordeal, innocence could be proven by:

F. displaying an uninfected wound.
G. floating when cast into the water.
H. wearing bandages for three days.
J. swearing an oath in a precise form.



The forms of trial discussed in the passage all assume that truth is best determined by:

A. carefully questioning witnesses.
B. carefully assessing physical evidence.
C. an adversary proceeding, or battle.
D. relying on the assistance of God.



The medieval trials discussed in the passage used judges to:

F. decide what form the trial should take.
G. determine whether to use criminal or civil procedure.
H. determine which of the witnesses were telling the truth.
J. determine the guilt or innocence of the parties.



Which of the following factors did all the trials discussed have in common?

  I. A definite and known accuser
  II. Secrecy
  III. Oaths and invocations of divine assistance

A. I only
B. II only
C. I and II only
D. I and III only


According to the passage, an oath was declared "burst" during compurgation if the:

F. swearer made an error in the exact form of the required ritual.
G. swearer could not round up the required number of oath-helpers.
H. swearer preferred trial by ordeal, or by battle.
J. judges decided that the oath was false or unnecessary.



Trial by compurgation was usually selected when:

  I. there were no oath-helpers available.
  II. the crime was not too serious.
  III. the person was a peasant or had a bad reputation.

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and III only



According to the passage, a medieval trial was always begun by an accusation by:

F. a clergyman.
G. God.
H. a private person.
J. the person who had been put to his proof.



According to the passage, how did trial by battle differ from trial by compurgation and ordeal in England?

A. It had a definite, known accuser.
B. It was only used after the Norman Conquest.
C. It had no secrecy in the proceedings.
D. It required judges to question witnesses.



As it is used in line 33, the word cumbrous most nearly means:

F. comfortable.
G. untruthful.
H. mistaken.
J. burdensome.

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