The author states that the result of mass production techniques on the tansu was:

A. diminished quality.
B. thicker pieces of wood.
C. renewed popularity.
D. greater variety.



The passage states that although handmade tansu were designed and used for many purposes, most were:

F. fancy black-and-gold finished pieces.
G. kitchen cabinets.
H. clothing and merchants' chests.
J. staircase chests.



According to the passage, the original popularity of tansu resulted primarily from the:

A. desire to display clothing and other personal items.
B. need to make good use of space.
C. need to disguise a merchant's wealth.
D. desire to be different from the Chinese.



According to the passage, modern production methods caused which of the following changes in the tansu?

  I. Sand-cast iron handles
  II. Simplification of traditional designs
  III. Thinner wood

F. II only
G. III only
H. I and II only
J. I, II, and III



As it is used in the passage, the word patina (line 58) most nearly means the:

A. design carved in the wood of the chests.
B. original finish applied to the chest.
C. destruction of the wood by smoke and heat.
D. surface appearance of the wood.


The author claims that by studying examples of handcrafted Japanese tansu that are still available today, scholars can learn about which of the following?


How mass production first began in Japan


How Japanese industrialists developed shortcuts in building furniture


How the Japanese lived during the Edo Period and the Meiji Era

F. II only
G. III only
H. I and II only
J. I, II, and III



According to the account of tansu-making in the passage, improved wood-planing techniques resulted in:

A. a need to change the types of wood used.
B. the need to apply thicker wood finishes.
C. the use of thinner wood.
D. a renewed interest in black-and-gold lacquered finishes.



The passage suggests that the Japanese tansu had changed by the mid-Edo Period in which of the following ways?

F. It reflected increased creative freedom of the craftsmen.
G. It became a symbol of status and wealth for the nobility.
H. It became less important to the merchant class.
J. It became much larger.



According to the passage, the Chinese influence on Japanese furniture-making is reflected in which of the following characteristics of some Japanese furniture?

  I. The use of space
  II. The black and gold lacquer
  III. The use of paulownia wood

A. II only
B. III only
C. I and II only
D. I, II, and III



The passage indicates about tansu that they were:

  I. used for aesthetic purposes only.
  II. indicative of financial status.
  III. hidden from view because they held important

F. I only
G. II only
H. I and II only
J. II and III only


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